Drug treatment recovery programs are the most effective way to help drug addicts attain sobriety. These recovery programs are designed to not only treat the physical addiction, but they give recovering addicts the skills they need to battle the addiction long term. Most strategies used by recovery programs are behavioral, and these behavioral interventions are typically put into place as soon as the addict enters rehab.
Many people believe that drug treatment begins after withdrawal has taken place, but in fact, programs begin to initiate behavioral interventions as soon as the addict enters treatment. Upon entering a formal drug addiction treatment program, the addict must submit to a search of his or her person and belongings. This is an intentional process designed to help the addict understand that there are rules to recovery, and those rules are a key component of any program.
One preferred method of treating drug addiction in a formal setting is called SMART recovery. The acronym “SMART” stands for Self Management and Recovery Training. This method is based on years of scientific research and employs knowledge drawn from several established therapeutic methods. This particular program stresses four specific points, building motivation, coping with urges, problem solving, and lifestyle balance.
Most people are familiar with 12-step programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). Step programs are also used in drug recovery. Some use 12 steps like AA and NA (Narcotics Anonymous), but the SMART recovery process seven stages.
The SMART recovery program targets motivation as a key component of recovery. Drug and alcohol addicts are often not motivated to initiate and/or sustain recovery. Because of this, treatment programs look for ways to keep addicts interested and engaged in their own recovery. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, (NIDA), motivational incentives are any positive reinforce used to promote successful treatment outcomes. Motivational incentives can be as simple as praise, but within the treatment setting, they often take the form of tangible incentives like prizes, vouchers, and privileges. Motivational incentives help individuals participating in a treatment program stay in treatment and help reduce the addict’s ambivalence about recovery and may be used to target specific behaviors.
Motivational incentive programs adhere to seven basic principles.
Target behaviors may include clean urine tests, participating in therapy, and more. Although some argue that recovering addicts should not receive external rewards for engaging in required behaviors during treatment, experts insist that motivational incentives are used for recognition, not rewards, and these incentives are eventually replaced by the individual’s own sense of pride upon reaching certain milestones during recovery.
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