People abuse a wide spectrum of psychoactive substances, including alcohol, prescription medications, and illegal street drugs. Prescription drug abuse is a growing problem across the United States, with millions of people over using and misusing prescription drugs on a regular basis. Prescription drug abuse falls into three main categories: opiates, sedatives, and stimulants. Professional drug treatment is often required to break the bonds of drug dependence, including medically assisted detox, behavioral therapy, and aftercare support programs. If you or anyone you know is abusing prescription drugs, it’s important to find professional help as soon as you can.
Generally speaking, prescription medications are abused whenever they are taken in a different way than intended by a doctor. Common methods of abuse include combining medications, increasing dosage levels, using a different method of administration than intended, and using drugs intended for another person. While most people obtain prescription drugs freely from friends and family members, some people buy them on the black market or visit multiple doctors in a practice known as “doctor shopping”.
Opiates, more correctly known as opioids, include all drugs that originate from the opium poppy plant. Opiates include the three naturally occurring opium alkaloids: thebaine, codeine, and morphine; and the semi-synthetic drugs manufactured from these alkaloids: oxycodone, oxymorphone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, fentanyl, and methadone among others. All opiate drugs are capable of producing a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use, with common symptoms including sweating, nausea, vomiting, and cramping. Opiate dependence requires detox and rehab treatment, with extensive medical support often required.
Sedatives include benzodiazepines and barbiturates, with both of these drug classes capable of causing physical dependence. Commonly prescribed benzos by trade name include Valium, Xanax, Klonopin, Serax, Librium and many others. Medically assisted detox is normally advised for people dependent on sedatives, followed by behavioral therapy and relapse prevention regimes. Stimulants include Adderall, Ritalin, and Concerta among others, with these drugs abused to increase energy and enhance mood. While stimulants are not physically addictive like opiates and sedatives, severe psychological withdrawal symptoms are common. Treatment for stimulant dependence includes behavioral therapy sessions and aftercare support programs.
Contact Bristol drug treatment centers to learn more about your options for prescription drug abuse treatment. Dial 860-516-2414 for more information.